If you were King, where would you install Electric Vehicle Charging Stations?

Tuesday, August 25, 2009
Even though there are many charging stations installed already (mostly on the West Coast), where SHOULD they be installed?  In other words, if you were starting from a blank slate and you were King, where would you put them?  While we’re thinking of this, let’s address these questions too…
  • What type of charger would be best?
  • Who would install/own them?
  • How would they offset their costs?
See the legend at the bottom of this post for explanations of the terms.

Homes with PHEV/EVs
Obviously, every homeowner with a PHEV/EV will want to plug their car in at night...it's the smartest option in terms of cost and convenience.

  • Charger type: Level 1 or Level 2
  • Likely owner: Homeowner
  • Cost offset: Free charger from car company, Government Incentive
Apartment buildings
  • Charger type: Level 1 or Level 2
  • Likely owner: Property Owner, Third Party
  • Cost offset: Fees, Pay Per Use, Advertising, Government Incentive
Public Garages and Parking lots
  • Charger type: Level 1 or Level 2
  • Likely owner: Government, Third Party
  • Cost offset: Fees, Taxes, Pay Per Use, Advertising
Companies with Fleets of EVs/PHEVs
  • Charger type: Level 2 or Level 3.  Battery Swap (Better Place).
  • Likely owner: Company Owner
  • Cost offset: Government Incentive, Carbon Credit 
Rest Areas and Service Plazas
  • Charger type: Level 3 or Level 2.  Battery Swap (Better Place).
  • Likely owner: Government, Third Party
  • Cost offset: Pay Per Use, Fees, Taxes, Advertising
Malls, Stores, and Restaurants who want to attract "green minded" shoppers

  • Charger type: Level 1 or Level 2 (Level 3 if near Major Highways)
  • Likely owner: Property Owner, Third Party
  • Cost offset: Pay Per Use, Advertising, Fees
Workplaces (for Employees)
  • Charger type: Level 1 or Level 2
  • Likely owner: Property Owner, Third Party
  • Cost offset: Company Benefit, Pay Per Use, Fees

Legend
Charger Types - from NEC Handbook
  • Level 1 - 110V 12A service
  • Level 2 - 208/220V 32A service
  • Level 3 - 480V 400A service

Cost Offset Types (Examples)
  • Company Benefit: Companies provide charging stations for "free" to their employees
  • Pay Per Use: Credit Card, Smart Card, or coin-based charging stations
  • Fee Based: Subscription or Monthly fee to have access to a charging station
  • Advertising: Charging stations and/or access cards/keys have advertising on them
  • Government Incentive: Tax credit, grant, or loan guarantee
  • Carbon Credit: Company earns carbon credit by reducing GHG emissions by utilizing EVs
  • Taxes: Installation and use of charging stations are offset by tax revenue
What other types of scenarios can you think of?

1 comments:

  • Joshua Frazier

    One place that you missed - Highways. Somewhere nearing the end of highways, those isolated places where it would be difficult to find someone to help you push your car when the charge went out.